Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a condition characterized by severe nausea, vomiting, and weight loss during pregnancy. HG can have a profound impact on a woman’s quality of life, and can lead to serious complications if left untreated.
What causes Hyperemesis gravidarum?
The exact cause of HG is unknown, but it is thought to be related to the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. HG is more common in women who are pregnant with twins or higher-order multiples, and in women who have a history of HG in a previous pregnancy.
Hyperemesis gravidarum typically begins in the first trimester of pregnancy, and can last for the entire duration of the pregnancy. The symptoms of HG can be debilitating, and can lead to dehydration, malnutrition, and weight loss. HG can also cause electrolyte imbalances, which can lead to serious complications such as heart arrhythmias and seizures.
Treatment for HG typically includes intravenous fluids and antiemetic medications. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary. Women with HG often need to be on bed rest, and may need to be fed through a nasogastric tube or IV.
HG can have a significant impact on a woman’s quality of life. Women with HG often feel isolated and alone, and can suffer from depression and anxiety. HG can also interfere with work and child care responsibilities.
What should you do if suffering from Hyperemesis gravidarum?
If you are pregnant and experiencing severe nausea and vomiting, it is important to speak to your doctor or midwife. HG is a serious condition, but it is treatable. With proper treatment, most women with HG will have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.
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