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What is mild Hyperemesis gravidarum?
Mild Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication characterized by severe nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and electrolyte imbalance. HG typically occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy and can resolve itself by the second trimester. However, some women experience HG throughout their entire pregnancy.
What causes mild Hyperemesis gravidarum?
The exact cause of HG is unknown, but it is thought to be related to the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. HG is more common in women who are pregnant with twins or higher-order multiples. Women who have a history of HG in a previous pregnancy are also at an increased risk of developing HG in subsequent pregnancies.
Do you have mild Hyperemesis gravidarum?
The most common symptom of HG is severe nausea and vomiting that leads to weight loss and dehydration. Women with HG may vomit several times a day and lose 5% or more of their pre-pregnancy body weight. HG can also cause electrolyte imbalances, which can lead to headaches, dizziness, and fatigue.
Mild Hyperemesis gravidarum is typically diagnosed based on the woman’s symptoms and medical history. Blood and urine tests may also be ordered to rule out other possible causes of the woman’s symptoms, such as a stomach virus.
Treatment for Mild Hyperemesis gravidarum typically involves a combination of medical and home care. Medications may be prescribed to help control the nausea and vomiting. Intravenous fluids may also be necessary to prevent dehydration.
Some women may require hospitalization due to the severity of their symptoms. In severe cases, a feeding tube may be placed to ensure that the woman is getting the nutrients she needs.
How to resolve mild HG?
Mild Hyperemesis gravidarum usually resolves itself by the second trimester, but some women may experience HG throughout their entire pregnancy. Women with HG should be monitored closely by their healthcare provider to ensure that they get the nutrients they need and prevent dehydration. Doctors typically monitor HG by assessing the severity of the symptoms and their impact on the mother’s quality of life. HG can be a mild nuisance or a debilitating condition that requires hospitalization. The severity of HG often dictates the course of treatment.
Can mild HG be managed?
Mild HG can often be managed with lifestyle changes, such as avoiding trigger foods and smells, and eating small, frequent meals. More severe HG may require medication to control the nausea and vomiting. Some women with HG require total parenteral nutrition (TPN), which is a form of nutrition that is delivered through a vein.
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